Steven a majority of Pixar stock, was a member

Steven Paul Jobs (February 24, 1955—October 5, 2011), was the Co-Founder and CEO
of Apple Computer Inc., now known as Apple Inc. He also held a majority of Pixar stock, was a
member of the board of directors for The Walt Disney Company, and founded another company
(NeXT) after his temporary departure from Apple. He became noticed at around the age of 21,
the age at which he founded Apple Computer. Throughout his life, he was known as a
perfectionist, which affected his temper and created the mindset of doing things his way. He is
often scrutinized for not contributing to any technological advancement and simply taking credit
for the work of his partners. However, it is visible that modern computing and life would be
drastically different without his contributions, which allow us now to have access to personal
computers, the internet, and many more essential functions of our daily lives. Steve Jobs
deserves all the praise he receives, as he helped make computers accessible to the public and
created revolutionary ideas which changed the way we live our day-to-day lives.
Steve Jobs’ passion for technology was formed in the environment in which he grew up
in. As a kid, Steve Jobs worked on electronics in his garage with his father, Paul. Jobs was so in
love with electronics that he eventually had made friends with the other engineers in his
neighborhood. He was also a troublemaker in school, misbehaving and getting suspended often.
He even once pulled a “prank” on his teacher by creating a fake bomb. Jobs said that his
fourth-grade teacher got him straightened out and inspired his passion for learning things. When
he was thirteen, Jobs was offered a summer job at Hewlett-Packard. As Jobs went onto high
school, he also developed a love for music and reading. In this time, Jobs also became close
friends with Steve Wozniak, who went on to become his partner in founding Apple.
STEVE JOBS BIBLIOGRAPHY 3
Transitioning from high school, Steve Jobs followed his biological parents’ desires and
attended Reed College. It was expensive and his parents could not afford it; Jobs felt guilty and
decided to drop out. However, he still stayed on campus taking calligraphy classes. During this
time, Jobs would sleep on the floor of his friends’ dorm rooms and received free meals from the
Hare Krishna temple. This calligraphy course was important to Jobs in the future, as it inspired
him to include the different fonts in the Mac.
In 1972, Steve Jobs had his first business, illegally selling blue boxes. Blue boxes were
devices that was used to fool telephone systems and trick them into letting one make
international phone calls for free. Jobs and Steve Wozniak were fascinated by the technology,
and it took them six months to develop the world’s first digital blue box. Steve Jobs credited his
success with the blue boxes to his motivation for starting Apple.
Jobs’ first thoughts of Apple originated while he was attending meetings of the
Homebrew Computer Club. His partner, Steve Wozniak, introduced Jobs to a project he was
working on (later known as the Apple I) and Jobs was fascinated. Jobs had a vision, and along
with Wozniak and Ronald Wayne (one of Jobs’ friends from Atari) founded Apple Computer.
Wayne soon left the company, selling his ten percent share for only $800. Jobs’ and Wozniak
continued to grow Apple and went on to introduce the Apple II, the first product sold by Apple
Computer. This turned out to be a big success and Apple continued to grow. In 1983 Steve Jobs
enticed former Pepsi CEO John Sculley into Apple with an iconic quote: “Do you want to spend
the rest of your life selling sugared water, or do you want a chance to change the
STEVE JOBS BIBLIOGRAPHY 4
world?”(Isaacson, 2011). This recruitment quickly backfired, as Jobs’ vision contradicted
polarly with Scully’s. Eventually, the tension between Jobs and the upper management levels of
Apple lead him to resign from Apple on September 16, 1985.
After leaving Apple, Jobs rebounded quickly and founded NeXT, a computing business
similar to Apple. Jobs ran NeXT for twelve years, producing two revolutionary desktop
computers. During this time, he also funded Pixar (eventually bought by The Walt Disney
Company) hand was the executive producer of Toy Story Eventually, NeXT was acquired by
Apple where Jobs quickly resumed leadership of the company.
In his return to Apple, Steve Jobs brought rise to many revolutionary products such as the
Macintosh, the iPod, iPhone, and the iPad, all of which still play a prominent role in the way that
we interact with technology and the world around us. While he was finally finding major
success in Apple after struggling for years, Jobs hit a major roadblock in his life when he was
diagnosed with pancreatic cancer. Despite medical disadvisory, Jobs continued to work nonstop
and even refused professional medical help; he instead relied on alternative medicine. By the
time he was finally accepting help and taking leave from work, he had already injured his
physical health. It remained an issue as he struggled with complications for the rest of his life.
This took a toll on Jobs, as he later resigned as CEO of Apple in 2011. After a life of
accomplishment and the overcoming of adversity, Jobs passed away on October 5th, 2011 as a
result of his pancreatic cancer; his iconic last words being: “Oh wow. Oh wow. Oh
wow.”(Isaacson, 2011). Stephen Paul Jobs will forever be remembered for his immense
contributions to computer science and his unique personality and lifestyle.
STEVE JOBS BIBLIOGRAPHY 5
References
Picarille, L. (1997). Steve jobs. Computer Reseller News, (763), 51-52. Retrieved from
https://search.proquest.com/docview/227499692?accountid=34939
Isaacson, W. (2011). Steve Jobs. New York, 33: Simon and Schuster.
Mac History. (2013, February 2). Steve Jobs tells the Blue Box Story (1994) Video file.
Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dxCNvNwl60s