President Environment (World Bank’s Ease of Doing Business Index

President Kenyatta, sworn in office on 28th
November 2017, takes office in an era where the country is experiencing high
political polarization and recovering from depressed economic growth.
Kenya national politics remains driven primarily by ethnic affiliation that
threats to undermine social
cohesion and raise political tension. Moreover, the NASA agenda of a sustained period of unrest prompted by
anti-government campaigns remains a great challenge to Kenyatta Administration.
Despite a favorable ruling by Supreme Court, President Kenyatta still faces
“legitimacy challenge”, damaged institutions, unstable coalition, mounting public debt, grand corruption, and shrinking national productivity.

President Kenyatta
recognizes his government has laid a foundation that he is focused to build on
in delivering his Big-Four Agenda Plan in the second term in office. In his first term of office, the president focused on
building a firm foundation for economic takeoff spearheaded by aggressive reforms to Kenya’s business
environment. The notable achievements during the first tenure include adoption
of devolved governments, improved Business Environment (World Bank’s
Ease of Doing Business Index Improvement by 56 Places (136th to 80th)
and ranks third in sub-Saharan), 495-kilometre
Mombasa-Nairobi Standard Gauge Railway System, Expansion of Public
Hospital Infrastructure & Transformation of NHIF and Digital Literacy Programme(DLP).  

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To
build upon the development agenda during
the 2017-2022 tenure President Kenyatta is committed to delivering a Big-Four Pillar Administration Agenda that
addresses food security, affordable housing, manufacturing and universal health
care to Kenya’s citizens.

·      
Food Security- Agriculture is a major source of employment and
Kenya’s largest sector, accounting for 25% of the gross domestic product (GDP)
and roughly 50 % of export revenue. Kenyatta
reiterates that the government will devote resources in securing Kenya’s
water towers, address issues on ownership and utilization of idle arable lands,
promote large-scale commercial
agriculture, ensure diversification of the staple foods & redesigning of
agriculture subsidies.

·      
Affordable Housing- The
Kenyatta administration is committed to realizing 500,000 new house owners by
engaging in policy and administrative reforms which target to lower the cost of construction and improving the
accessibility of affordable mortgages.

·      
Manufacturing: Key manufacturing
agenda is the creation of jobs &
opportunities for the country’s young population.  The government is committed to devoting
interventions in agro-processing, textiles and
apparel, leather processing, construction materials, innovation and IT, mining
and extractives sub- Sectors. In line with the agenda, President Kenyatta has
been appointed as the UN’s Global Champion for youth empowerment

·      
Inexpensive Universal
Healthcare: the government is committed to reconfiguring the NHIF and reforming
laws governing private insurance companies to accelerate access to universal
health care.

To drive the
Big – Four Agenda, the president is currently re-organizing the government,
with retention of several cabinet secretaries, and appointment of fresh persons
to government. Speculations remain high on the new nominees with the president
expected to announce the full new cabinet in the month of January. In his state
of the nation address on January 5th,
the president unveiled a section of the cabinet including six retained cabinet
secretaries and three fresh nominees for cabinet positions (portfolios not
mentioned). The partial cabinet announcement continues to raise debates
centered on the 1/3 gender rule and more complex in the
delivery of political promises.

The
2010 Constitution allows for a maximum of 22 Cabinet implying that the
president has a maximum of 13 more slots to announce the nominees. The
announcement of the 13 cabinet secretaries will come alongside the list of
principal secretaries as well as the head of parastatals. Consequently, the
cabinet secretaries and their respective permanent secretaries remain active. Other changes
in government National Police
Service (NPS), which has been on the receiving end over brutality accusations
during the electioneering period.

The political season is settling
down and the government is already implementing its
administrative agenda. The rolling out of the new
2-6-3-3 curriculum is set to replace the over three-decade-old 8-4-4 system
next year in 470 primary schools and the Sh56 billion free secondary school education
programme that will see all 998,718 pupils who sat the KCPE exam advance to the
secondary education marks the beginning of Kenyatta second term pillar projects
implementation. Additionally, Kenyan economy is in an economic recovery following a slump in economic activity in 2017 attributable
to the decline in credit growth, prolonged drought and prolonged electioneering period. The World Bank, IMF, and Treasury agree that Kenyan economy will rebound to 5.5 percent in 2018 and rise further
to 5.9 percent in 2019.