Pakistan college to serve a five-year presidency. The presidency

Pakistan is an immensely populated and
multi-cultural country in South Asia that encompasses many ethnic groups such
as Punjabis, Pashtuns, Sindhis, Seraikis, Muhajirs, Balochs, amongst several
others. It is most commonly known as the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, which is
a highly advanced and modernized civilization that retains the fifth largest
population in the world. With being a predominantly Indo-Iranian speaking
country, Pakistan closely neighbors Iran, Afghanistan, India, and China. In
1947, Pakistan became a sovereign state under the reign of Muhammad Ali Jinnah and
attained independence from British rule. Pakistan has endured many difficulties
throughout its existence to attain political stability, social development, and
economic security. The country’s capital is Islamabad, in the hillside of the
Himalayas in the northern part of the country, whereas the biggest city is
Karachi, which is located off the South shore of the Arabian Sea.

The political structure of Pakistan takes
precedent within the framework that the Constitution established. Pakistan is a
federal parliamentary republic; whereby provincial governments favor an exceptionally
high standard of autonomy and residuary powers. Executive authority is bestowed
in the national cabinet, which is spearheaded by the prime minister, who works systematically
alongside the bicameral parliament and judicial assembly. Regulations set forth
by the constitution provide a careful check and balance system in regards to
the sharing of powers with the branches of government, which make up the
executive, judiciary, and legislature, similar to the United States. The head
of state is Mamnoon Hussain, who is the President of Pakistan and was chosen by
the electoral college to serve a five-year presidency. The presidency was an
important component until the passage of the eighteenth amendment in 2010,
which deprived the head of state of its absolute power. Since then, Pakistan
has been changed from a semi-presidential system to exclusively a parliamentary
regime. The executive branch is composed of the cabinet and is controlled by
the prime minister, which is entirely independent on the legislature. The
Senate is the upper house, while the National Assembly is the lower house. The judiciary
forms with the balance of the Superior Court as a culmination court, parallel
to the higher courts, and other inferior court systems. The sole purpose of the
judicial system is to adjudicate the federal laws, regulations, and the
Constitution.

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