On created called the ‘Manhattan Project’ to examine and

On August 6, 1945, during World
War II (1939-45), an American Bomber released the world’s first arranged atomic
bomb over the Japanese city of Hiroshima. This explosion was so cruel that it removed
90 percent of the city and had rapidly killed 80,000 people; tens of thousands also
had later died of beam exposure. The atomic bomb was one of the greatest explosion
in history thus far. During 1942, a secret project was created called the
‘Manhattan Project’ to examine and apply the two atomic bombs Hiroshima and
Nagasaki, which was led by Canada with United States and the United Kingdom as
major supporters. Scientists were also involved to discover that the partition
of an atom would be capable to produce an enormous nuclear reaction (the atomic
bomb). America dropped two atomic bombs in Japan called ‘Fat man’ and the
‘Little Boy’. One of the bombs involved uranium and the other plutonium. Each
device produced differently, and this project was kept top secret by the
Americans. Canadian scientists named
Arthur Jeffrey Dempster discovered uranium-235, in 1935. In 1942, Canada had
paid all the expenses, and Canadian scientists had also joined the team.
Throughout the time the Canadian government officials, along with former prime
minister William Lyon Mackenzie King and former minister of bombs and supply
C.D. Howe, were informed of uranium’s potential as a bomb. The significance of Canada’s involvement in the creation of the
atomic bomb included assistance from scientists, the government, and with providing
the required uranium and plutonium to create the bomb.

Canadian scientists had generated the atomic bomb which made a huge
development on the control of nuclear technique. A Canadian scientist named
Arthur Jeffrey Dempster identified a chemical element named uranium-235, in
1935. If this was not a Canadian discovery, this part of uranium would not have
been known to man and it would not have been used in ‘Little Boy’. It was one
of Canadian scientists who figured out the finest ways to extract it after the
Americans had failed. Canada also had played a leading role for actual
constructing of the atomic bombs, especially the bomb called ‘Little Boy’. Although
when the scientists were trying to figure out how much uranium they need to use
inside the bomb, Canada had made a crucial calculation that ended up being really
less than the Americans first thought. Without this the calculation of the bomb
would not have been built properly. Canada also helped in the making of the
first plutonium atomic bomb, Trinity. Another Canadian scientist named Louis
Slotin, played a huge leading role in bringing together the core of Trinity. Not
long after Trinity was made, ‘Fat Man’ was also introduced, they started making
and using almost the exact same design. So originally, Canada did assist helping
in the design of ‘Fat Man’. After both of the bombs were created, on August 6,
1945 ‘Little Boy’ was dropped on Hiroshima and had killed the lives of 66,000 Japanese
citizens. 3 days later, on August 9th, 1945 ‘Fat Man’ was dropped on
Nagasaki and approximately 39,000 to 80,000 people were killed due to this
explosion.

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All along WWII, on
August 17, 1942, Canada properly decided to arrive the nuclear age. The British
government was in consideration of looking for a partner to change its
Cambridge-based nuclear laboratory during the world war to promote
collaboration with United States in moving up the nuclear weapons. After the
conference between Canada and the United Kingdom, an agreement was made with
C.D. Howe, Minister of Canada’s wartime Department of Munitions and Supply, let
them go ahead for the Montreal Laboratory which is forerunner of the Chalk
River Laboratories .The laboratory would become combine with the United States
Manhattan Project, which would create a nuclear bomb. After a year, the Québec Agreement between the United Kingdom and the United States was got signed by
Franklin Delano Roosevelt and Winston Churchill. This agreement was closed by general
terms which would later authorize and define the nuclear weapons programs of
the Allies and Canada’s role in the Manhattan Project.

During the time, Canada had sent uranium and plutonium to United States
to create the bomb. To create the atomic bomb they needed uranium. The British
and the Americans transported uranium from Canada in faith of creating a
nuclear weapon. In May 1941, the United States government ordered 8 tons of
uranium for military research from Eldorado, the Canadian company that operated
and owned the Great Bear Lake mine. In March 1942, the United States government
more 60 tons uranium of Canadian uranium from Eldorado; in that event Eldorado
assures to re-open the mine at Great Bear Lake with the permission from the
Canadian government. In June 1942, the United States army ordered another 350
tons of uranium from Eldorado. In September 1942, the United States army had
bought 1200 tons of rich uranium concentrates from the Congo. This type of
material was hid secretly, since 1939, inside a warehouse on Staten Island, in
New York Harbour, by Belgian owners. In December 1942, the United States army
had ordered 500 tons of more uranium concentrates from Eldorado, afore It was
delivered, 350 ton contract had been completed. Nonetheless, when they were
asked to clarify the Staten Island concentrates on an arrangement basis,
Eldorado prevented the delivery of Canadian uranium to United States and
beguine to process the Congolese uranium instead. At that point, approximately
over 220 tons of uranium from Great Bear Lake were already been delivered. From
this point on, uranium from Congo, refined at Port Hope, were going to control
the Manhattan Project. During the years of 1943 to 1945, uranium from Colorado,
Canada, and the Congo was used in the World War II Atom Bomb project: The
amount of the uranium that had been upgraded was to use as a nuclear explosive
in the Hiroshima bomb; An acceptable amount of uranium was been used as a metallic
fuel for the  first reactors; inside of
each reactor, quarter of the uranium fuel was into the plutonium which was then
gained and had been  used as one of the nuclear
explosive in the Nagasaki and Trinity bombs; a limited amount of polonium was
obtained from uranium ore had been also used, which was combined with
beryllium, to the total until the neutrons burst and was needed to explode both
the Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombs.