Mobile Report, 2011). At the end of August 2014,

Mobile devices have
had the speediest adoption among various innovation
in human history. They offer low-cost communication that can be secure. Nowadays, mobile
phones impact on our social lives is very huge. One can name a section
of our populace as “mobi persons” who utilize their phones for a large number of
applications ranging from banking, Global Positioning Systems,
entertainment to yoga (Generation, 2010). Data available at statista.com estimates that in 2016 alone 62.9% of the
world’s population already owned a mobile phone. However, this projection is pecked to increase to 67% by 2019. Breaking it down, between 2013 and
2016 an estimated 4.01 and 4.61 billion mobile phone users existed globally respectfully. This tremendous increase in
the use of mobile phones can be linked to the introduction
of smartphones which accounted for 38% of all mobile phone
subscription in 2014. This is expected to rise
to 50% of all mobile phone subscription by 2018.

 

Industry report shows that over 500 million mobile phone subscribers are in Africa, an increase in 246
million in 2008. The most
predominant leaders in mobile subscription in Africa are Nigeria, South Africa, Kenya and Ghana (Mobile Africa Report, 2011). At the
end of August 2014, data available to the National Communication Authority
(NCA) in Ghana indicated that there were 14,615,048 mobile phone users. This depicts the surge in the usage of smartphones in Ghana and to the advantage of healthcare
professionals, this could be adopted for health purposes in Ghana (NCA, 2014).

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New
opportunities for mHealth have come into being as an outcome of the emergence
of mobile communications technologies. With over
1 billion smartphones and 100 million tablets
existing, there is so much that these devices can help in relation to healthcare management (Martínez-Pérez, De La Torre-Díez, & López-Coronado, 2013).
Industry estimates reveal that about 500
million smartphone users universally will be using a
healthcare application by 2015 and by 2018, 50
percent of more than 3.4 billion smartphone and
tablet users will have downloaded mobile health
applications, these users are healthcare professionals, consumers, and patients
(fda, 2015). Consumers
are not only using smartphones to
oversee and improve their health but quite an
important number (43%) of mHealth applications are purposely developed for healthcare professionals. This covers CME (Continued Medical Education), remote monitoring and healthcare management applications. The existing market for mobile health keeps growing at a progressive rate over the
previous years and continues to expand.  Looking at the major app stores where one can
download these health apps (health & fitness and medical apps), there exist
325,000 apps in these app stores the most that have ever been. This year 78,000 apps have been added to the various app stores. This
growth is all due to an increase in android apps, which has seen a 50% growth
rate from
2016 to 2017. Accordingly, iOS health apps also have had its share of this growth with a 20% growth margin. But in all android
has overtaken iOS becoming the leading platform for health apps and has the
greatest number of mobile health app of any app
store (Research2Guidance, 2010).

 

One of the most anticipated
mobile health applications health
professionals have been waiting patiently
for is “Medscape”
which is very comprehensive and is the number
one downloaded medical application on
the android platform. Its free content is
amazing ranging from 7,000+ drug references, 3,500+ disease clinical references, 2,500+ clinical images
and procedure videos, robust drug interaction tool checker, CME activities, and
more (Husain & Einerson, 2011). Despite the ease of access to numerous medical apps, efficacy data regarding some apps and the
awareness of potential concerns associated with using
smartphones in clinical practice,
the awareness of healthcare professionals use and attitudes towards
the use of smartphones in clinical practice is very low
(Koehler, 2013)