International in its competence has the right to appoint

 

 

 

International Human Rights Law course:

1st group work

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Students:

Arsenov Shyngys 20160467

Baimurzayeva Zhannat
20120323

Bekturganov Almaz 20150955

Tleugaliyeva Saule 20140623

Toishibayev Nurzhan 20151558

Yelamanov Kuandyk 20151810

Word Count: 1678

KIMEP University

Almaty, Kazakhstan

2018

According to Universal
Declaration of Human Rights: “Everyone is entitled to all the rights and
freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as
race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or
social origin, property, birth or other status. Furthermore, no distinction
shall be made on the basis of the political, jurisdictional or international
status of the country or territory to which a person belongs, whether it be
independent, trust, non-self-governing or under any other limitation of
sovereignty”

 

The Most Important
Human Rights

 

The right to Life

The right to life
is the essential right of human which is secured by the law. The general
statement in Kazakhstani, Russian, Belarus and other constitution states that
it is fundamental right of the human. The right to life by its nature means
that no person can be intentionally deprived from life. The right to life means
that the state has the obligation to take all measures to secure the person’s
life from any threats and the only the state in its competence has the right to
appoint the extreme penalty of the law- the death penalty.

 

The right to Education

The right to
education is one of the human rights and has to establish as important right.
All people have right to have education and in this sphere, society should not
discriminate the people related with his or her religion, race, gender and
etcetera. The right to education is one of the most fundamental right but also
human right. The right of education helped people to develop their human
personality and respect human rights and human freedoms. Education helps people
to become a man as an individual freedom, change the thinking also it will help
to become a smart. The education must be available, accessible and adaptable.
If people to study education, the education must be benefit able and knowledgeable.
The human rights education is the deepest foundation of the modern human rights
and the human rights education for all. The right to human rights education is
commonly influences on economic social and cultural rights.

 

The right to Freedom

As it written in Universal Declaration of Human
Rights, the basic principle of freedom, justice and peace in the world is
recognition of the inherent dignity and of the equal and inalienable rights of
all members of the human family. In our point of view it should be the
important part of right, because without a freedom it difficult to live a full
life. Also, it difficult to express own opinion or thoughts, we can improve our
self and our environment, just when we have a freedom for life.

 

The right to Equality

“Maybe
equality is a right, but no power on earth will make it a fact” (Balzac).
Is the establishment of equality possible? Some people see it as a huge benefit
and are sure that it really exists. Others argue that in modern society the
development of equality is impossible.

Equality is the
situation of people in society, ensuring their equal relationship to the means
of production, the same political and civil rights, equality. Whereas, right is
the opportunity to do anything protected by the state and legitimized. The
essence of this statement Balzac is that equality is a right, but a society in
which everyone is equal cannot exist.

People are born unequal:
each child has certain innate abilities that distinguish him/her from others.
In addition, the history of known cases of discrimination against people in
appearance – the theory of Hitler about the superiority of the Aryan race, the
conflict of “black and white” in America, where the Indians still are
forbidden to leave their reservations.

Thus, equality
can prevent revolution and social conflict in society, but the desire of people
to improve their social status, unequal distribution of income and power make
it unrealistic.

 

Right to own
property

Among the most
important human rights is right to own property. It is not a secret that
historically people in USSR did not have right to acquire property. This was
made for the sake of equality of the people. Everyone lived and worked with the
same level of salary, material wealth and social possibilities. However, in
modern times it is essential for humans to possess the right of ownership. We
are all humans, and as humans we dream, we aspire to new horizons, we tend to
desire and achieve more than we have. Some people achieve their dreams – others
do not. Right of ownership serves as a tool for those who achieve more in his
life than other people. For example, a man has a hypothetical possibility to own
a big business and so he makes all the efforts to achieve his dream. Another
person, who does not have possibilities to possess and privatize business will
not even try to realize his ideas. Material wealth is a representation of
person’s attitude to life, achievements, self-expression. For these reasons
right of ownership is one of the essential human rights.

 

 

The Least
Important Human Rights

 

The right to
Euthanasia

 Word euthanasia, translated from Greece
as a good death. We have a various different types of euthanasia. As example it
can be active (introducing something tin order to cause death) to passive
(withholding treatment and supportive remedy); voluntary (consent) to
involuntary (consent from guardian), also physician assisted (here doctor
prescribe the medicine drugs and patient or the third party decide the
medication drugs in order to to cause death). The inquiry of the premature
termination of life discusses a role of such practice in modern medical care.
This discussion has co mplex and dynamic issues such as, ethical, legal, human
rights, religious, health, spiritual, economic, cultural and social aspects in
nowadays. The most convincing argument in favor of the doctor who has helped
suicide or voluntary active euthanasia is the argument in favor of commission
of suicide in the conditions of democracy. The fact that we have the right for
euthanasia, doesn’t mean that always (morally) the right to execute this right.
In this paper, if we classify this issue to less important right.

 

Political rights

Political rights
are one the most effective rights in order to make society progress. It allows
people to express their will, to notice any drawbacks of a political structure
of the society and to correct them. From historical prospective such rights did
have an effect only when big number of people were involved. But if we speak
about individual’s rights, such political rights do not represent any value
because they have certain meaning only in group or society in general. To be
honest, members of our group do not enjoy political rights due to its
ineffectiveness. We don’t go any meetings, protests or vote for any of
politicians. For the reason of absence of factual necessity our group consider
political rights as one of the least effective rights for an individual.

 

The right to
propaganda of LGBT

LGBT is the
community of the people with non-traditional orientation. LGBT abbreviation by
itself stands for: Lesbians, Gays, Bisexuals and Transgenders. Not every state
supports the idea of propaganda of nontraditional sexual relationships and in
some countries the support of the LGBT movement may be considered as unlawful
for many reasons like for example children may be influenced by this movement
because of their weak psychological protection. Our group thinks that the
rights of the LGBT community are not violated because they have the same rights
as other people, so we think that the right to propaganda of LGBT is
insufficient.

 

The Gaming right

Gambling industry is always determined by the law named gaming which
includes several sets of specific rules and regulations. Gaming low can be
described as a collection of different spheres of law. Some laws such as
criminal law, regulatory law, constitutional law, administrative law, company
law, contract law, and in some jurisdictions, competition law are included in
one main gaming law. In a broad sense, this law covers different types of laws.
Gaming law also may be seen in the common law by its traits. As an example,
gambling law requires some specific considerations, winning gains and chances
that have to be considered by gaming lawyers in various operations related to
gaming.

Generally, gaming industries are very gambling and addiction for people
that why different kind of games such as casinos, racetracks, and lotteries are
under the control and regulation of state and federal laws. This industry is a
serious issue for some states which license this kind of activity. Therefore,
some special commission are established for regulating and monitoring gaming
industry by licensing entities involved in it. In addition, laws of states that
allow operate casinos and other forms of gaming places, always put restricted
zoning regulations in order to locate such establishments far from schools and
residential areas.

Commonly, gamins law represents huge and diverse complex. Taking as an
example US, gaming law is permanently being under the considerations of federal
and state laws. In Canada, it also involves not only considerations of federal
law but also provincial law in different legal disciplines.

 

The right to choose religion

Religion has played a reinforcing role in society
throughout the history of mankind. Being practiced freely, religion establishes
a moral scope for people to follow, which leads to tolerance of contradictory
views and courtesy in civil society. Free expression of religion allows diverse
religious organizations to exist within modern secular states, and can
facilitate ideological conflicts by altering shifting (unstable) societies into
models of harmonious coexistence. Freedom of religion is one of the basic
personal freedoms, including the right to profess any religion, individually or
jointly with others, to freely choose, possess and disseminate religious
beliefs and act in accordance with them. It is recognized by the constitutions
of even those countries where there is an institution of the state (official)
religion.