For themes and ideas, which include guilt of conscience,

For my study, I decided to focus my
attention on the famous 20th century philosopher, author and thinker,
Albert Camus. In particular, I decided to focus my attention to one of his
novels, ‘The Fall’, which is a philosophical novel, one of only a few that
Albert Camus wrote in his time. It was published first in 1956 and was in fact the
last novel of his published in his lifetime. It is translated into English and
many other languages across the world from the original French version, which
was title ‘La Chute’. The story in the novel is set in Amsterdam (in the
Netherlands) in a shady bar named Mexico
City situated somewhere deep within the red light district of the city. The
novel follows the story of Jean Baptiste Clamence, a formerly wealthy French
defence lawyer from Paris, who was once highly respected by his colleagues,
family and friends, but has now “fallen” from grace. It is written in the form of
a confession from the point of view of Jean Baptiste Clamence, as he tells his
story to a stranger he meets at the bar. ref: Wikipedia, The Fall Jean Baptiste Clamence speaks the stranger in
the second person, so it is as if he is speaking to the reader. The story
explores many themes and ideas, which include guilt of conscience, justice,
freedom and truth, all of which appear in many of the other works and philosophies
of the author Albert Camus.

The Parisian lawyer, Jean Baptiste
Clamence, is a complex and intricate character, but one who shares many qualities
of the other characters in the works of the author Albert Camus. To try and understand
the character and his story, we must first try to understand the author. Albert
Camus was a French Algerian philosopher, author and journalist, who was a
prominent figure in the early 20th century, and whose ideas and
views are still prominent and important in today’s society. He was born shortly
before the First World War on 7th November 1913 in Algeria, which at
the time was under French rule, and so naturally was implicated within the war
that was beginning to unfold at the time in Europe. Camus was born into a poor
family that had struggled financially and socially even before he was born. His
mother was of Spanish descent, she worked as a house cleaner and was deaf out
of her left ear. His father was of Alsatian descent and worked as an
agricultural worker. When the First World War broke out in Europe in 1914, his
father signed up to fight for France and left the family while Albert Camus was
still only an infant. During the infamous Battle of the Marne, which was the
culmination of the German advance into France and the Allied Forces, in which
French forces had 250000 casualties, Camus’ father was wounded in battle
serving as a member of the Zouave infantry regiment. He later died of his
wounds on 11 October in a make shift hospital. ref: Biography.com, Albert Camus This left Camus and his mother both
financially and emotionally affected, and meant they lived in extreme poverty
for much of his childhood. These experiences during the formative years of the
now famous thinker Albert Camus shaped many of his ideologies and philosophies
on life.

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Despite many difficulties he faced
in his early childhood, Albert Camus was a good student during his school time
and was eventually accepted into the University of Algiers in Algeria, where he
studies philosophy. During his time there, he played for a prominent university
team, where the spirit and purpose of the team attracted him to join.  However, his ambitions of playing football
for a professional team were ended when he contracted tuberculosis, which was incurable
for him, in 1930; this caused him to be bedridden for long periods of time. This
affected Albert Camus greatly as he was often described as playing with courage
and passion in the match reports that followed the games. He eventually began
to look for other interests to fill his time