English past centuries and the most important literary period

          English literature
has undergone many literary changes during the past centuries and the most
important literary period is the romantic period. Romantic period appeared in
Europe toward the end of the 18th century and the beginning of the nineteenth
century in revolts against the Neoclassicism of the previous centuries. It
refers to a number of various groups of poets, artists, writers and musicians
as well as theoretical, political, and societal theorists and trends of the
late 18th and early 19th centuries in Europe. “There is no generally accepted
definition of the world “romantic”. The term first appeared in England in 17th
century in the sense of “extravagant, fictitious, unreal”, but, by the 18th,
it had already assumed a somewhat different meaning and was particularly
connected with feeling, imagination and emotional pleasures.” When the
Enlightenment put emphasis on the pre-eminence of rationale, Romanticism
accentuated sensation and imagination. There are a lot of authors in this
period but in my paper I will focus on William Wordsworth and Samuel Coleridge.

       William Wordsworth is considered one of the most
important poets and authors of the Romantic era. He was born on 7 April, 1770
and died the 23 April. He is considered one of the first poets of the Romantic
period who created a new style in the world of poetry that is concerned with
nature and imagination. He is the first to introduce the poet’s license
to convey intensely personal individual expression. “Best known for his style and theories that
helped to renew the poetry of his country. During his youth he demonstrated a
strong interest and love for nature which is shown in most of his works”. His works was mainly based on romantic thoughts opposed to realism. He had
thought that people who living “among” nature are purer and wiser
nature of those who live in the city, even their language is simple and less
complex. Wordsworth’s theory of poetic language comes from his deep philosophy
of nature. Francis Jeffrey: wrote stinging review about Wordsworth and
at the end of his opinion he said ‘The case of Mr. Wordsworth, we perceive, is
now manifestly hopeless, and we give him up as altogether incurable, and beyond
the power of criticism’.

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        Samuel
Taylor Coleridge was an English poet, literary critic and philosopher, was born on October 21, 1772. He was the leader of Romantic poetry. “Active
in the wake of the French Revolution as a dissenting pamphleteer and lay
preacher, he inspired a brilliant generation of writers and attracted the
patronage of progressive men of the rising middle class” .The most important
characteristic of his literary text, he used supernatural elements, visionary
elements in his poems.

         
In the romantic era, both have worked a lot and both are called the true
lover of nature. They were at the forefront of what is now known as the
Romantic period.  Wordsworth and
Coleridge have a close friendship. They took long hours together to discuss
English literature and poetry. Coleridge said “during the first year that Mr. Wordsworth and I were
neighbours, our conversations turned frequently on the two cardinal points of
poetry, the power of exciting the sympathy of the reader by a faithful
adherence to the truth of nature, and the power of giving the interest of
novelty by the modifying colors of imagination”. They began to discuss of a new
kind of poetry, one that focused on the reader’s imagination and the honesty of
simple language to evoke powerful feelings. They decided to write a collection
of poetry together. Wordsworth’s job was to write poems about everyday topics;
Coleridge would tackle poems about “persons and characters supernatural”