Dr.Anita Moral Asstt. Professor, S.V.Degree College, Aligarh Meditation is

                    

                                                           Dr.Anita Moral

                                    Asstt. Professor, S.V.Degree College, Aligarh

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Meditation
is a practice in which an individual trains the mind or
induces a mode of consciousness,
either to realize some benefit or for the mind to simply acknowledge its
content without becoming identified with that
content. Guided meditation is a process in which meditation is done
through the instructions given by some concerning expert, when it is
aimed to achieve the healing then it is called therapeutic meditation. This
technique aims to obtain a state of consciousness which is contended to promote
healing whether from physical illness or mental illness. The guidance may be in
the form of text, audio-video recordings, comprising music, enchanting sounds
and all. Guided meditation because of deliberation of its instructions moreover
leads the participant in ‘mental imaginations’ or in the state of ‘visualization’.
The created mental imaginations help a participant to stimulate the sensory
perception of sights, sounds, tastes, smells, and movements that become
intensively helpful in defying conventional and distorted sensory categories.

This
sensory stimulation precipitates strong emotions and feelings within the
patients or participants. in the process of guided meditation , mental
imaginations are voluntarily created , may be resemble from previous sensory
perception , experience or from the product of fantasy. Therefore, the mental
images created in guided meditation are the assisted simulation or recreation
of perception experience across sensory modalities.

HOW GUIDED MEDITATION WORKS:

Guided meditation is quite simple and easiest way to meditate due to the
guiding of others.  it is effortless and
doesn’t need that much self concentration as in other meditative techniques. The
traditional meditation techniques required more focused and clear mind. The
magic of guided meditation lies in that Brain does
not distinguish between a real event and an imagined event. So the imagery
during the process of meditation creates the feel of an actual experience that
helps in forming new neural pathways to be stored for future use. That’s why
guided meditation is a powerful way to elicit the desirable change in the
participant’s mind due to the nature of the brain works. Experts recommend the
duration of guided meditation may vary according to the goal of the session that
may be from 15 minutes to hour even to achieve deep level of relaxation and as
per therapeutic concerns. During a guided meditation the client is in
such a deep state of relaxation that the imagery he/she is guided to visualize
becomes very vivid indeed.  The process of
positive suggestions during meditation is a blissful experience that results in
real and immediate benefits.  It creates
the feeling of betterment in physical, emotional, mental and spiritual pursues
of life.

GUIDED MEDITATION AND SCIENCE:

 Guided Meditation specifically  trains the brain to be more present focused
and spend less time in future oriented fictious anxieties and worries. Living
in the moment keeps the participant away form negative thinking about pain and
other physical and psychological distress . Brown says, “Meditation trains the
brain to be present focused and spend less time anticipating future negative
events. This may be why it is effective in reducing the recurrence of
depression , which makes chronic pain considerably worse”. Swami Veda Bsharti,
author of the book ‘Art and Science’ says, “the aim of meditation is to still
the mind and take it away from daily happenings”. Therefore a positive state of
mind is created specially for certain moments of time  that is much beneficial in balancing mind and
body life energy. Science have revealed that due to positive change in here and
now experience that occur during meditation , activity of telomerase enzyme
increases that is important for long term health of cells in the body.

HOW AND WHEN GUIDED MEDITATION IS
MORE EFFECTIVE:

There are few things which should be in caution while giving therapeutic
guided meditation. These cautions make this therapeutic approach more powerful.

Begin with presuppositions: Give
some presupposed suggestions to client that can be very fast to attain the
state of relaxation.

Such as: “as u sit in your chair, you will be fully able to relax your body”

“As you focus on your breaths, you will be get and more deep level of
relaxation” 

Importance of words: Wording is very
important. The suggestions should be in positive form rather than any negative
word. Always avoid such a word that can bring any negative feeling or change in
the patient’s mind. For example, if the purpose of the therapeutic session is
to relieve anxiety or aggression. Avoid the word anxiety and aggression.

Pauses during suggestions: Suggestions
during session should be precise, simple, and easy to visualize. But the keen
thing is to give the subject time to experience the suggestions fully to   enjoy and feel the energy created during the
process.

Watch the changes: during the
session, observation skills are required. Therapist should monitor the minute
physical changes in subject, specially the breathing pattern, the facial
changes and motor movements etc. The signs can be subtle but watch carefully.

Suggestions as per personality: Scripts
should be as per the personality sights of the client. Whether the client is
physically oriented or emotions oriented. Prepare the therapeutic script as per
these requirements of the client. It happens, the script may be great and
meaningful for client A, but not for B, so recognize the pulse of you client.

GUIDED MEDITATION AND BENEFITS AS
THERAPEUTIC APPROACH:

Clinicians and psychologists are practicing Guided meditation as a
therapeutic approach in relieving from many psychological and pathological
disorders.  Various researches and
findings have proven the immense benefits of this alternative therapeutic approach.
Research summarized by Turk, Swanson, and Tunks found that sufferers of chronic
pain have used meditation to successfully decrease pain symptoms, increase
healing speed, improve mood, decrease stress, and reduce their overall
healthcare costs. This research also found that people regularly practicing
meditation demonstrated reduced arousal from daily stress and better
performance of tasks that require focused attention. The best part of this
therapeutic approach is that people have different and specific goals in their
life. Guided meditation scientifically helps them to achieve the related
outcomes. The therapeutic session brings the change in clarity of life,
spirituality in life, helps to extend awareness and brings elevation, emotional
and physical healing, raise confidence, enhance creativity, improves
relationships and performance, and resolve all psychological conflict due to
clarity in mind. A well designed script of guided meditation can produce
immaculate results physically, spiritually, and psychologically.

 

GUIDED MEDITATION FOR PREVENTIONAL
MEASURE:

This technique is also becoming the powerful strategy as for
preventive measures. For the prevention of many diseases like Heart attack,
Pain relief, Stress copying technique, Diabetes, etc. Guided meditation is
becoming popular among clinicians and experts now days. Aetna US Healthcare
launched a guided meditation program in September 2000 to reduce the risk of
future heart attacks among patients that had been hospitalized for cardiac
conditions. Joe Carver, MD, head of disease management programs for Aetna at
the time said the guided meditation tapes in the program were a “key element in
our holistic approach to cardiac risk factor reduction.”  Guided meditation is also used in conjunction
with other behavioral modification techniques and/or medication or it may be
used as a standalone tool for therapists. Existing research suggests that
guided meditation has been used effectively in psychotherapy for prevention and
early intervention for depression, anxiety, stress, PTSD, fear, drug addiction,
improving mood and all other psychological and physical disorders. Guided
meditation works as the antidote for pressured situation like stress and
anxiety.  It creates the state of
relaxation and  to allow deep relaxation to happen, one  needs  to be able to be present to the emotions and
bodily sensations associated with the stress and pressure. Being able to sit
with those feelings and sensations and experience them completely helps them to
resolve. It allows the tensions to unwind. That’s why guided meditation works
miraculously.

‘YOUR
REALITY LIES IN YOUR SELF IMAGE

WHAT YOU
THINK YOU BECOME’

CONCLUSION:

Guided meditation helps to achieve the inner state of stillness that helps
to clear the mind from negative and weird thoughts. It fills the mind with
pleasant visualization that creates positive personal changes. Specifically, well
designed guided meditation connect the person to the level of subconscious and
touches the more abstract level of mind to get profound healings and to attain
personal breakthroughs.

 “You
can bring into your life more power,
more wealth, more health, more happiness, and
more joy by learning to contact and release
the hidden power of your subconscious mind.”

– Dr. Joseph Murphy

 

REFERENCES:

 

Muscat, M. (2001). AETNA US healthcare launches guided
meditation program. Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine, 7(2),
28-28,30.
Ramel, W., Goldin, P. R., Carmona, P. E., &
McQuaid, J. R. (2004). The effects of mindfulness meditation on cognitive
processes and affect in patients with past depression. Cognitive
Therapy and Research, 28(4), 433-455.

Turk, D.
C., PhD., Swanson, K. S., PhD., & Tunks, Eldon R,M.D., PhD. (2008).
Psychological approaches in the treatment of chronic pain patients-when pills,
scalpels, and needles are not enough. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 53(4),
213-23.

  Rose J.
P. and Weis, J., Sound meditation in oncological rehabilitation: a pilot study
of a receptive music therapy group using the monochord. Forschende
Komplementarmedizin, Vol. 15, No. 6, 2006, pp335-343.

 
Grocke, D., and Wigram, T., Receptive methods in music therapy:
Techniques and clinical applications for music therapy clinicians, educators,
and students. London, England: Jessica Kingsley, 2007.

·        
Kosslyn S. M., Ganis G. and Thompson
W. L., Neural foundations of imagery. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, Vol. 2, No.
9, 2001, pp635–642.

· 
· 
McAvinue, L. P., and Robertson, I. H., Measuring visual imagery ability:
A review. Imagination, Cognition and Personality, Vol. 26, No. 3, 2007,
pp191–211.

·  Cocude, M., and Denis, M., Measuring the
temporal characteristics of visual images. Journal of Mental Imagery, Vol. 12,
No. 1, 1988, pp89–101.

· 
Astin, J.A., Shapiro, S.L., Eisenberg, D. M., and Forys, M.A., Mind–body
medicine: State of the science, implications for practice. Journal of the
American Board of Family Medicine, Vol. 16:, 2003, pp131–147.

· 
· 
Newham, P., Guided Meditation: Principles and Practice. London; Tigers
Eye, 2005.

·  Newham, P., Music and Meditation: The
Therapeutics of Sound. London: Tigers Eye: 2014.